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Woodstock Festival is a 3-day pop rock concert. The festival became the most popular music event in history and the symbol of the hip-hop movement in the 1960s.

Initially, the festival was organized by 4 men. The original idea was to create a concert to raise money to build a recording studio for young musicians in Woodstock, New York.

At first, the organization had many difficulties. Almost everyone did not want to see any hippie or drug addicts participating in the concert at their original location, Woodstock, so the selection of the venue did not go as planned initially. A difficult task for the organizers is that about 2 months before the concert is performed, the venue must be found.

Fortunately, the organizers found a 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel, New York – where they could hold the show. Because of changing locations, all preparations were not completed on time.

The organizers expect about 50,000 people to attend the concert but when the concert day comes closer, the organizers will know that the number of participants in the event will exceed the 50,000 expected number. A few days before the concert took place, hundreds of thousands of pop rock fans from all over the world were on their way to Woodstock. On the day of the performance, the organizers were unable to control the crowd and fans rushed into the performance area. An estimated 300,000 to 500,000 people were present at the concert.

This event caused a huge traffic jam. Thousands of people have left their vehicles on the road to walk to the performance area.

On Friday, August 15, 1969, the show was officially started. Joan Baez, Arlo Guthrie and other folk artists performed on the first day. On Saturday, Santana, Janis Joplin, band The Who and other bands starred on the stage.

Most people start leaving on Sunday. Jimi Hendrix was the last artist to perform on stage, when there were only about 25,000 spectators left.

A rain turned the performance area into a big puddle of mud. However, the Woodstock music festival was still successful despite the organizers facing a debt of more than a million dollars later.

Taylor Swift and Ariana Grande will be the biggest names at this year’s MTV Video Music Awards while BTS and BLACKPINK first appeared.

As soon as all nominations have been announced, the audience knows that Taylor Swift and Ariana Grande will be the focus at the MTV Video Music Awards Ceremony 2019 with 10 nominations for each female artist. This season promises to be extremely dramatic with nominations for stunned names.

Ariana Grande with a hard working year brought about 10 nominations. Taylor Swift, though only moved with the “Lover” album by debuting in front of two singles, also picked up 10 nominations this year.

Ariana Grande get 3 nominations, while Taylor Swift receive 2 nominations in the 4 most important categories in “Big Four” (4 main awards).

On top of that, “Rookie” Lil Nas with his big hit “Old Town Road” also covered with 8 categories. This big hit is still an unbeaten monster on the Billboard Hot 100 chart during 16 weeks. Phenomenon Billie Eilish is also surprising to be nominated to 9 categories. Billie Eilish has an excellent debut album that is popular with both audiences and professionals.

Billie Eilish and Lil Nas will face in the “Best New Artist” nomination. This will be a tough decision for judges and audience. Both are very young artists but their talents have truly conquered audiences worldwide.

This year is also the first year the awards ceremony was held to introduce the public to the “Best Kpop” category – honoring the best Kpop product of the year with the participation of Kpop celebrities: BTS, BLACKPINK , EXO, NCT 127, Monsta X, … Of which, BTS also brought four nominations.

K-Pop is a huge music business with global revenues worth over $ 30 million in 2009, and this number doubled in 2010, according to a South Korean website. Even so, entertainment industry leaders are also very greedy with plans to bring Korean stars to Japan, the US and Europe.

Kim Young-min, CEO of pop management company SM Entertainment (the unit that created two stars BoA and Super Junior) in Seoul, said he said Asia is K-pop‘s biggest market, even exceed American. Girls Generation and Kara are said to be two major groups that contribute greatly to promoting K-pop in Japan.

In Japan – a country that is proud to produce and export its magical pop culture, the Korean entertainment industry is slowly taking over the country’s music and film market. Not only Korean movies appear regularly on TV, but in later times K-Pop groups like Girls Generation and KARA also broke record sales while appearing flooded on peak Japanese television.

The Korean entertainment industry, especially the pop music scene, spreads to many Asian countries but is particularly booming in the land of the rising sun because Koreans know how to exploit what the Japanese music industry avoids far away for years. According to the latest data from the Korean government, the country has exported drama and music worth $ 117 to Japan since 2010.

Therefore, Japan is considered the largest export market for Korean pop culture, with nearly 40% market share. Since Korean dramas were first broadcast in Japan in the early 2000s, feature films and then K-pop have become a trend of artistic enjoyment among young people in the land of the rising sun. Similarly, Japanese pop culture (called J-pop) also began to take off in Korea after an official ban was removed in South Korea in 1998. Korean cultural flows flow into Japan. It is also controversial in this country, and in 2011 many people took to the streets outside the headquarters of the Fuji TV Network in Tokyo to oppose the broadcast of so many Korean movies.

From June 2016, Forbes magazine published an article by author Melissa Daniel about this trend. In particular, Melissa not only predicted livestream concert will become an inevitable trend of the music industry but also affirmed: “If artists and brands know how to use livestream form effectively, they have It is easy to reach a huge public and customer base “.

Global trend

The California Roots music and arts festival 2018 attracted about 30,000 attendees in three days, but when it was livestream through LiveList technology technical support, it achieved “huge” views up to 9.5 million.

Many of those “views” directly commented on their immediate emotions and did not forget to promise “to find ways to be available next year”.

While attracting tens of thousands of spectators to attend live every day, the California Roots Music and Arts Festival is still full of its audience in livestream form with impressive results: 9.5 million views in three days of festivals – Photo: FOH

According to Chris Watkins, technical expert at Audiotree TV, today the public is always open-minded and ready to seriously watch livestream music if it is a well-produced program with good sound quality, allowing them to interact directly with artists or at least other audiences.

“In the past 10 years, music on traditional television has lost its attraction. Along with the dizzying development of social networks, music has also gradually become a kind of community experience.

Now, thanks to broadband Internet, livestream concerts easily turn viewers from passive into active, can comfortably communicate with each other right on the show, even their opinions can reach the ears. manufacturer or artist to make timely adjustments. These things make them feel more comfortable and excited, “said Chris Watkins.

So, it is not too difficult to understand now, regardless of the large number of music festivals such as small music shows from individual studios, all the livestreams are all around the world.

So some subwoofer frequencies will be pushed up a bit, this range is regulated and managed by the RIAA (Record Industry Association of America) and the EQ range has become a general rule. If you’ve ever tried to plug the Turntable’s output directly into the line-level input of the amplifier, then you usually have a very small sound and have a sound quality that is thin, bright and without bass band, that’s because Our amplifier has no phonostage circuit.

For regular MC needles or MC low-output needles (usually expensive to stick out the tongue) you need to have a Step-up transformer, this is an amplifier using 2 transformers and it amplifies the signal by the ratio. Due to the transformer a passive device works thanks to the magnetic field, the noise is almost impossible. Some MC circuits in phonostage can also adjust the gain to not use step-up for savings, but usually in a normal phonostage or less. Because MC needles need a large amplification ratio of 1:20 when 1:30 and 1:40, the use of active amplifiers will have big noise floor, which is unacceptable, so there are few big companies in this direction. The choice of step-up transformer depends on the impedance and voltage output of the MC needle so not every needle attached to the step-up is good to hear, sometimes combining the wrong impedance is a treble loss, or is a bass loss.

Each phonostage has a RIAA EQ circuit to reverse this process so it will push the bass band and reduce the treble so that the sound quality is balanced. And phonostage is also an amplifier with an output voltage of only a few thousand volts while the standard output of DACs and CDs will be from 2V – 2.5V so the output signal of the turntable should be amplified before transmitting to your amplifier.

5 / Interim

At this point, you can also understand the basic mechanism of playing music through coal, analog, without the influence of digital components. However, to set up a turntable is something that requires knowledge and meticulousness to every detail, and you can understand why such small cartridge needles have a high price and are guaranteed extremely well managed. This article still has many shortcomings about the knowledge that I will spend on the next part, will write and speak more clearly, but I hope this is enough for everyone to imagine how the vinyls work.

  1. Turntable and tonearm

Turntable consists of a platter connected to a shaft in a rotating, cylindrical, and platter rotating on a bearing located at the bottom of the cylinder and in contact with the drive, the two components will rotate thanks to the motor or belt, and the plinth. These are the 3 main components of a vinyl tray. Platter is usually made of aluminum, or monolithic so that it does not resonate and has a heavy weight from 3-5kg to stabilize and prevent vibration. Turntable needs to balance so that the platter and shaft do not lose weight, tilt sideways, in the long run easily damage the belt and make worn bearing. Motor use in the long term also needs to be lubricated so that maintenance is not dry or hiss. Some good turntable will usually have anti-vibration feet that adjust height. And in addition, there are some wheels like Linn Sondek LP12 or AudioCraft AR-110 outside the outtriggers that vibrate, the platter face is connected to the tonearm surface, these two components are supported by springs and separated from the case as well as motor wrongly completely vibrates.

Tonearm is where we attach the needle. Tonearm includes counterweight, anti-skating anti-skid, and various moving mechanisms: unipivot, gimbal, bearing. Good tonearm materials are usually brass or titanium nitride because they are very light and good in resonance, when playing more bass and deep with no vibration.

  1. Phonostage

Many of you still think that the sound of vinyl discs is the most original and closest to the recording. Yeah, this concept is due to you guys selling discs or selling hi-end goods. In addition to the mix and cut discs directly, some vinyl discs are remixed from the original master tape and then cut and stamped into different versions. During the process of creating the disc, the signal has been processed, has been calibrated EQ, why is it because of the cutting lathe it is difficult to engrave the information that is too large and the sectional area is not may be too deep, thus affecting the life of the needle tip (often very expensive).

  1. Cartridge

As above, I have mentioned two types of cartridges, namely MM and MC. The cartridge’s task is to sweep up the small grooves on top, releasing most accurately the vibrations on the grooves. The cartridge consists of two parts, the stylus and the body. The tip of the cartridge is often used with extremely high hardness components and is generally an industrial diamond compared to diamond in jewelry products, which do not have the same purity and clarity as on jewelry but equal hardness. Diamond heads are often sharpened into a very small point, with several different cartridge standards such as Nude, spherical, elliptical, Shibata … each of which will have sharpness as well as contact points into different disc slots. The more sharp and exposed the more expensive, typically fine line and elliptical. When scanning on the disc groove, the movement and movement intensity of the stylus is what is transmitted into the frequency and intensity of the volume, generally the sounds that you hear through vibration of stylus needle first. The stylus drives into the small, slender cantilever, which is a stylus that places the stylus tip and will also vibrate under the needle tip and vibrate the transmission to the inside of the cartridge body.

There are 2 types of cartridges: Moving Magnet (MM) and Moving Coil (MC), although both cartridges use the principle of physical regeneration based on motion in the electromagnetic field. Like the Moving Magnet, the MM needle magnet will be in the cantilever tree moving to regenerate the current while the two coil parts on the cartridge will be fixed. In the case of Moving Coil, the tail of the cantilever will have a coil attached to the tail and the magnet will be fixed.

However, according to folklore, the MM head will have a common needle tip with the ability to easily change the stylus head and the durability is higher than that of the MC, as well as the current intensity is also higher than the MCs. The first MC is more expensive, uses smaller sized diamonds, makes it more difficult to manipulate, does not replace the stylus, is more fragile and the current intensity is also smaller than that of MM so it needs a Step-up transformer or a phono preamplifier circuit separately for MC to increase the amperage to match phonostage. The MC, due to its small needle tip and slim cantilever, is less resonant, responds quickly to the notched lines on the disc groove and less dust trails, so it is more clean, static and clear than when listening to the sound of MM.

The principle of operation of MM and MC is that the reciprocal magnetic field is generated from magnets and small coil rings, which will produce electrical signals with small variations. The current will be amplified and transmitted to the amplifier to output the speaker. In many cases you need to use a phonostage as an intermediate bridge between turntable and amplifier or pre-amp.

Vinyls is revitalizing quite strongly in recent years, this movement is gradually popular in the world. There are a lot of guys out there who love the technology toys, headphones or multi-room speakers, and smart speaker but still admire and want to experience this exciting vinyls. Many people do not know what vinyls are and the mechanism and how it works is different from normal CDs or digital music files. So, through this article, I will give a brief introduction about vinyls as well as introduce some basic components when playing vinyls so that all of you can learn and discuss. In the article I did not say anything to the price, because the money to play vinyl tray is not as expensive as you think, the problem is to hold firmly, really strong knowledge to have good set-up, good equipment. What does it mean when the player does not have the knowledge of this “art”? Besides, vinyl discs are very durable, many discs released in 1978 so far as my If You Know Suzy still sound clear, using the right and set-up right from the start not only helps you maintain the device well but also keep your vinyl collection “longer”

The first idea appeared 140 years ago thanks to Edison’s phonograph design, and the first recordings also made their debut in 1948 thanks to Columbia with the first 12inch coal disc. It was first introduced to the public on June 20, 1948 at Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York. And since then, many new technologies and new mechanisms for the purpose of listening to music have been created, but, drawing the vinyl disc out of the bag, gently placing it on turntable and lowering it is still needed.

1. Vinyl groove

If you hold a vinyl disc, you will notice that there are small, thin strands like our hair, that it runs through the perimeter of the two sides of the disc, from the outer to the inner in a spiral shape, these slots are quite tight and close together. These are tracks containing audio information. The grooves on the disc have a slight twist towards the center of the disc and often have a small slot width of only about 0.04-0.08mm (depending on the intensity of the sound). The total length of the grooves on a vinyl sometimes reaches about 500m.

The two sides of the groove will be opposite to each other and bobbing differently, each side of this groove will carry the audio signal of a channel of sound (2 grooves = 2 left and right channels). The closest side to the outside of the vinyl ring is the right side of the channel, and this information can be expressed through small areas of only about one micron (1 millionth of a millimeter), so You can see such a disc but it contains a lot of audio information. Also the reason why vinyl recorders are extremely sensitive to external vibrations and other factors. Besides, because these grooves are so small, tiny particles of dust will easily penetrate and fill the grooves and needles, if they touch small dust particles, they will call a little bit that the audiophile  has “beautiful noise ”, with the tiny MC needle stylus, it is still “beautiful ”but the big head MM needle stains dust is chattering or“ bouncing ”one shot. Due to this reason, the vinyl player must have a dust broom and a magnetic broom.

Vinyl record recording – reading techniques are analog that brings the high fidelity to the sound, and the players call it “rustic sound”. The sound of vinyl record has its own distinct characteristics that are different from digital. When listening to a good type of vinyl record player, the sound was floating, the position of the instruments playing in the orchestra appeared very clearly, the singer’s voice was sweet and inspiring. For this reason, there are still many people in the world who are passionate about collecting and enjoying vinyl record. Especially those who love classical music, Jazz – Blue and acoustic instruments…

The vinyl record’s attractive secret

The first vinyl record was born about hundred years but still caught interests by music players, despite the advent of a series of new technologies. Unique beauty with “rustic” sound is the attractive secret of vinyl record.

First record invented by Thomas Edison

1877 Thomas A. Edison – the American genius inventor who invented the first tape recorder, which works on the basis of sound waves delivered through a transducer to create the markings from a needle on a metal cylinder. When reproduce the sound, the needle is read from the recorded metal tube, the mechanical oscillation of the needle is through a mechanical amplification system to raise the amplitude and then speak out through loudspeaker. Although the band is still very narrow and distorted, Edison’s recorder has laid the first foundation for sound reproduction and processing technology.

Companies adapted Edison’s principle

Adapted from Edison’s recording principle, right from the end of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, a number of firms in the world have released mechanical recorders that are powered by cords with a bright golden copper speaker which as big as a tuba. This phonograph has been regarded as a luxury decoration among wealthy families in Europe earlier in the century.

The phonograph invented and improved

Vinyl record production is not much different from Edison’s original recording principle. In 1887,  Emile Berliner (USA) invented the first phonograph. To improve sound quality, industrial-scale sound recording technology has been constantly improved. There is a significant step forward from the first recordings with 78-minute mono recording techniques to a hi-fi long playing 33 rpm vinyl record. In the field of disc manufacturing, the names of record labels with many major contributions include: RCAVictor, EMI (USA), Decca Record (UK), Deuts Gramophon (Germany) …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cassettes and coal discs are pulling together back to the music market, where they seem to have been shelved since the booming digital era.

The small, rectangular plastic cassette contains all the good things of many generations back, along with vinyl charcoal.

Some of today’s top musicians, including Ariana Grande and Justin Bieber, have released personal music albums on cassettes. It seems that they will not be welcome but in fact their albums sell as quick as hot cakes and demand continues to increase.

According to Guardian, sales of cassettes increased by 125% in 2018. That same year, 50,000 cassette albums were sold in the UK, the highest number in the last 15 years.

Obviously that number is nothing compared to 1989, there are 83 million albums of cassettes sold in the UK. But the number of 50,000 copies is marking the revival of an old-fashioned form of music enjoyment. Why so?

Timeless values

“Music is not just about listening online or downloading, listening to music must be interesting. Cassette is very interesting. Unlike electronic music, music on cassettes has a short lifespan, which makes us appreciate them and suffer when lost “- DJ Phin, who just released the album on the cassette, said.

American clothing brand Urban Outfitters describes: “You have to experience the feeling of waiting for three or four hours on the radio to listen to your favorite music and then record it into a cassette tape, you know just how interesting it is. “.

Many people believe that few people listen to music on cassettes today, buying tapes is seen as a collection.

Thanks to the warm welcome of audiences, cassette tapes bring a big income to artists. According to Guardian, Ariana Grande’s Thank U and Next song topped the ranking sold on cassettes (540 copies sold last week). Musicians like AC / DC, Kylie Minogue or Jade Bird also raced to release a cassette album.